And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; 17 but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.” Genesis 2:16-17
God knew that Adam would sin. He had a plan because He knew this. He put a tree in the middle of the garden as a test for Adam and Eve. He knew they would fail that test.
They knew only good at first, the way God wanted them to be; people that were innocent of the knowledge of evil. God expressly commanded that they were not to eat of this tree in the center of the garden. It wasn’t the tree that would bring evil but the disobedience of Adam and Eve that brings evil. This was part of His covenant with Adam and Eve.
1. Be fruitful and multiply.
2. Serve God by keeping (managing the garden.
3. Don’t eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil
God cannot sin but God gave man the option to choose to obey God or to sin by disobedience. One of the reasons God the Son had to become human is that He had the opportunity to sin. But He didn’t and so He became the second Adam.
We are not like Adam because we start our life already sinners. We have a flaw in us that wasn’t in Adam. One day because we are in Christ, we will no longer be able to sin after we are resurrected.
Why did God do this?
It was the only way for man to know God fully, including forgiveness, mercy, and grace. He gave man the choice so that he could know these things (knowing that Adam and Eve would sin). If Adam never fell then none of the rest of the humans would ever know God fully. It was a risk (some would be lost forever) that God was willing to make because He wanted man to know Him fully and choose to love and obey Him.
* These ideas were not my own but from a pastor who has a website called versebyverseministry.org